What is Autism?
Autism is a developmental disorder with onset before age 3 with subtle signs of the disorder often being present in early infancy. The presentation of symptoms of autism can vary greatly; however, the characteristics necessary for diagnosing it are as follows:
- Impairment in reciprocal social interaction (e.g., limited eye contact, responding to people as if they are objects).
- Communicative deficits (e.g., limited or no verbal communicative skills, problems using pronouns).
- Repetitive behavior or marked adherence to specific routines (e.g., body rocking, problems transitioning from one activity or environment to another).